Lortab is a prescription medication that contains a combination of hydrocodone and acetaminophen. It is used to relieve moderate to severe pain, and works by blocking pain signals in the brain. Lortab is a controlled substance and can be habit-forming, so it should only be taken as directed by a healthcare professional.
How does it work?
Lortab contains two active ingredients: hydrocodone and acetaminophen. Hydrocodone is an opioid pain reliever that works by binding to receptors in the brain and spinal cord, reducing the perception of pain. Acetaminophen is a non-opioid pain reliever that works by inhibiting the production of certain chemicals in the body that cause pain and fever. Together, these two drugs provide more effective pain relief than either drug would alone. However, because hydrocodone is an opioid, it has the potential to be habit-forming and can cause side effects such as drowsiness, dizziness, and respiratory depression.
Lortab should be taken exactly as prescribed by a healthcare professional. The medication comes in tablet form and is usually taken by mouth with or without food. It is important to swallow the tablet whole and not crush or chew it, as this can cause the drug to be released too quickly and lead to an overdose.
The dose of Lortab will depend on the individual's pain level, medical history, and other factors. It is important to follow the dosing instructions provided by the healthcare professional and not to take more of the medication than prescribed. Taking more than the prescribed dose or taking the medication for longer than recommended can increase the risk of side effects and can be dangerous.
If a dose is missed, it should be taken as soon as possible. However, if it is close to the time for the next dose, the missed dose should be skipped and the regular dosing schedule should be resumed. It is important not to double the dose to make up for a missed one.
Lortab comes in different dosages of hydrocodone and acetaminophen, and the appropriate dose will depend on the individual's pain level, medical history, and other factors. The most common strengths of Lortab contain 5mg, 7.5mg or 10mg of hydrocodone combined with 325mg of acetaminophen per tablet.
The usual adult dose of Lortab for pain relief is one tablet every 4 to 6 hours as needed, up to a maximum of 6 tablets per day. The total daily dose of acetaminophen should not exceed 4,000mg to avoid the risk of liver damage.
The dose of Lortab should be adjusted for elderly patients and for those with liver or kidney problems, as these conditions can affect how the body processes the medication. Lortab is not recommended for children under the age of 18.
It is important to take Lortab only as directed by a healthcare professional and to avoid taking more than the prescribed dose or taking it for longer than recommended. Overdose of Lortab can be dangerous and can cause serious side effects, including respiratory depression, coma, and even death.
Like any medication, Lortab can cause side effects, although not everyone who takes it will experience them. Some of the most common side effects of Lortab include:
Nausea and vomiting
More serious side effects of Lortab can occur, although they are less common. These include:
Respiratory depression (slow or shallow breathing)
Hypotension (low blood pressure)
Allergic reactions, such as rash, hives, and swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat
Liver damage or failure, especially with long-term use or at high doses
If any of these side effects occur, it is important to seek medical attention right away. In addition, Lortab can be habit-forming and can lead to addiction, especially with long-term use or if taken in high doses. It is important to take Lortab only as directed by a healthcare professional and not to share it with others.