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Basics of color and methods of coloring

Color is one of the basic shaping elements that play a huge role in making images come to life and emotions. To be able to do that, let's learn some basic knowledge about color with CachHayNhat.


A. BASIC CONFIDENCE OF COLOR

  • 1. Colored colors and colorless colors

  • 2. Warm colors and cool colors

  • 3. Complementary color

  • 4. Hue

  • 5. Tone

B. CHARACTERISTICS OF COLOR

  • 1. Colors

  • 2. Purity

  • 3. Luminance

  • 4. Brightness

C. CHARACTERISTICS AND COLOR METHODS

  • 1. Color Matching Properties

  • 2. The nearsightedness and lightness of colors

  • 3. The ability to express light, space depth

  • 4. The relationship between color and shape

  • 5. Psychological associations of color

  • 6. Dithering

Types of dithering

Effect of dithering


A. BASIC CONFIDENCE OF COLOR

1. Colorful colors and colorless colors

The colors in the primary color wheel and the colors that develop from it are chroma. Black, white, gray are colorless colors.


Colorful colors and colorless colors
Colorful colors and colorless colors

Colorful colors and colorless colors
Colorful colors and colorless colors

2. Hot and cold colors

According to habits and psychology, people divide colors into 2 groups: warm colors and cool colors.

  • Colors with shades of red, orange, and yellow are warm colors because they create a feeling of brilliance, heat, and brilliance;

  • The colors green, blue, indigo, purple are cold colors because they bring a feeling of cool, cool.

Hot and cold colors
Hot and cold colors

3. Complementary color

In the primary color wheel, complementary colors are 180 degrees opposite each other. In the 6-color ring, the complementary color pairs are red/green; orange/blue; yellow/purple.

Complementary color
Complementary color


4. Hue

Hue is a term used to describe the lightness or darkness of each color. A single color contains many different shades. If you add white or black, there will be a change in hue.

Hue
Hue


5. Tone

Tone is a term that describes the variation in hue of a chromatic color. Tone and tint have a reciprocal relationship. For example: Red has many different tones such as: magenta, red-orange, red-violet...

Tone
Tone

Black and white have no tones, only hues.


B. CHARACTERISTICS OF COLOR

1. Colors

Chromatic color is the most typical characteristic of chromatic colors. The hues of the three primary colors are pure hues, and the hues of the remaining colors are neutrals.

Colors
Colors

2. Purity

Purity is the amount of pigment used in the tinting. Highest purity when left undiluted (1st color). When mixing two or more colors, the purity of the colors decreases, creating neutral colors. Based on the purity that we can determine the tone of the color.

Purity
Purity


3. Luminance

Luminance is the intensity of the color stimulus to the eye. Colors in nature often have the same luminosity. However, artificial colors are not like that. Many times purity decreases as brilliance increases. Much of this is true in Tier 2 colors.

Luminance
Luminance

Currently, some luminescent colors are used, which are more vibrant than traditional colors.


4. Brightness

The brightness of the color is judged by the difference with white.

Brightness
Brightness

C. CHARACTERISTICS AND COLOR METHODS

1. Color matching property

Color matching property
Color matching property

When two colors are placed next to each other, or around each other, the characteristics of one affect the other.

  • A color surrounded by a darker color will feel lighter and vice versa.

  • A color placed on a solid-colored background will tend to shift in tone, depending on the influence of the background.

  • A color placed on a background of the same hue will have a luminance effect depending on whether the background color is more or less intense.


2. The nearsightedness and heaviness of colors

Color itself can cause a sense of distance. Therefore, we can take advantage of this to increase the distance in the picture.

Reality show:

  • Warm colors such as yellow, orange and red give us a feeling of closeness to the eye.

  • Cool colors give the feeling of going back, running backwards.

The nearsightedness and heaviness of colors
The nearsightedness and heaviness of colors


  • Light colors placed on a dark background, bright colors placed on a deep background will give the desired effect.


Each color material gives us the weight and lightness of the color; that is the purity of color (watercolor); or feel heavy and bold (powder color, oil paint).




3. The ability to express light, depth of space

We can use shades and tones of colors to describe the natural world. The painter can reproduce the effect of light with shades: light, dark, intermediate, reflective.


4. The relationship between color and shape

If considered independently, color has no co-relation with shape. But the shape property and the color property have a mutual relationship.


  • The hot or cold substance of the color increases the dynamic or the static; highlight the growth or stability of the shape.

  • Color increases or decreases visual attention to shapes. Used in representing the composition of the picture.


5. Psychological associations of color



There are several properties of color associated with human associations.

  • Think about temperature.

  • Consider size.

  • Emotions association.

  • Thinking about sound.

  • Think about the taste.


6. Harmony

Dithering is the arrangement of correlations of colors in a certain space in order to achieve a harmonious color relationship. Every human has a very diverse appreciation for color correlation. Each culture, each ethnic group has different aesthetic views.


Types of dithering


Contrast dither: Creates strong visual stimulation.


Similar dithering: For a feeling of purity, simplicity.



Effect of dithering


Flamboyant effect: thanks to the use of highly vibrant colors, contrasting in color; contrasting colors.


Bass effect: use many deep colors and have similar dithering.


Elegant effect: often requires elaborate color schemes, often using colors that are neutral in terms of brilliance and brightness.


So from the above basic knowledge, you have grasped some concepts and how to use color in a way that is harmonious and suitable for the purpose of expression. Let's learn more interesting things about working with color with CachHayNhat in the following articles.

 

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